Reading 38 B4

Peripheral venous catheter insertion in operation room.

How to Assess a Peripheral Intravenous Cannula

Most patients need at least one peripheral intravenous cannula during their hospital stay for intravenous fluids and medication, blood products or nutrition. Complications are common but they can be prevented or minimised by routine assessment. Explanations to patients should be provided, along with education about the treatment. Ensure the patient knows why the treatment is being given, and encourage them to speak up if there are any problems, such as pain, leaking, swelling, etc. The cannula should not be painful. Pain is an early symptom of phlebitis (inflammation of the vein) and could indicate that the cannula is not working well and should be removed. Involving the patient and their family empowers them to voice their concerns, and prompts nurses to address problems and remove

  • Question of

    According to this article, patients experiencing pain at the cannula site should:

    • tell someone.
    • ask for medication to stop leaking and/or swelling.
    • remove the cannula in order to avoid phlebitis (inflammation of the vein).

    Correct Wrong

    Explanation: The passage emphasizes the importance of patient education and encourages patients to speak up if they experience any problems, such as pain, leaking, or swelling. While the passage does suggest that the cannula should be removed if it is causing pain, it does not advise patients to remove it themselves. Instead, patients are encouraged to inform medical staff about their symptoms so appropriate action can be taken.

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