Listen to this audio and fill in the blanks with the missing words. You can listen to the audio multiple times.
Malaria is one of the most common infectious diseases across the globe and one of the most momentous tasks faced by public health systems in most (1) ______ countries. According to the latest World Malaria report, by the World Health Organization (WHO) there were (2) ______ cases of malaria in 2021 as compared to (3) ______ cases in 2020. The (4) ______ in the number of cases is not only troubling but also alarming. While some cases show (5) ______, some could end in an individual’s (6) ______. The same study also revealed that the estimated number of malaria deaths stood at (7) ______ in 2021.
Having said that, in grave conditions, malaria could also lead to (8) ______. Although not related to the type of malaria (9) ______, the disease can cause overall (10) ______ to the body and organs in the lungs, kidneys, and (11) ______. Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a (12) ______ of malaria and could occur in around (13) ______ of patients with (14) ______ disease. AKI caused due to malaria damages the kidneys leading to (15) ______ and subsequent inflammation alongside other major (16) ______ discomforts.
So, what leads to the complication of developing AKI in a (17) ______ individual? Firstly, AKI in severe malaria is caused by acute (18) ______ and is defined by a rise in (19) ______ or a decrease in (20) ______. In adults with severe malaria, AKI develops in up to 40% of patients, whereas in children, the (21) ______ is historically reported at approximately 10%.
At the (22) ______, symptoms may be mild ranging from lower (23) ______, higher WBC count, lower (24) ______, elevated ESR, total and direct (25) ______, AST, ALP, lower serum sodium, and higher serum potassium and can progress to severe symptoms like anaemia, (26) ______, jaundice and acute kidney injury. Secondly, the symptoms vary from individual to individual as does the severity of the condition. Seeking (27) ______ and tests can help (28) ______ the infection and help the individual (29) ______ to the ideal state of being.
Looking at the growing incidence of Malaria and its impact on the kidneys, the most important step in case of these (30) ______ is finding knowledgeable (31) ______, because such situations need to be tackled extremely carefully. Malaria can cause (32) ______ of kidneys leading to the build-up of fluid or body waste or (33) ______ and individuals can require (34) ______. Individuals who suffer from kidney issues and get malaria are prone to (35) ______ as a complication. It could also lead to anaemia.
That being said, it is also undeniable that there exists a (36) ______ in several countries, which needs to be bridged, more importantly, AKI caused due to Malaria. Although Malaria is common, its (37) ______ however are not. These complications are (38) ______ in cases and need to be brought to the attention which can help with early diagnosis and (39) ______ in the vulnerable population.
As we move into a fast-paced world, it is important to (40) ______ one’s health by having regular check-ups to check for any (41) ______ (if any) and take precautions accordingly. These tests also draw attention to any complications that might lead to (42) ______.
Kidney disease remains a huge burden on society and it is estimated that about (43) ______ of the (44) ______ has some form of kidney disease; (45) ______ people get afflicted with severe kidney disease which is medically referred to as (46) ______ every year and very unfortunately over (47) ______ of them die due to lack of access and affordability of (48) ______ in the form of (49) ______ or transplantation. These staggering numbers should draw attention to the big problem we face today before it paves the way for a (50) ______ of kidney diseases.
I can’t type over lines .is there any issue and the audio is only for 41 questions .balance ??