Today we will look at another method of OET Reading. This is known as O Method – O for Opposite.
O Method to Understand the Text
- As we did earlier with M, E and L, O helps your brain be aware of the opposite information in the text.
- This you can call a deviation (contrast) from the main topics.
- By finding out the opposite information, you will be able to have a deeper understanding of the text flow.
O Method to Find out answers
If you find any question that are asked “against” or “opposite” to M and E, you can find those answers in the O area of the text.
Look at this example (Reading Part C 1)
This text has some 7 paragraphs, similar to Part C Reading. The first paragraph is about the traditional method of treating a newborn with opioid dependence but from the second paragraph onwards, we see the nature of the text changes and turns “against” (Opposite to) the first paragraph.
|When babies are born dependent on opioids, typically they are whisked away from their mothers, put into the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), dosed with morphine to get them through withdrawal, and gradually weaned off the drug – a process that can take weeks.||Para 1
The first paragraph is mostly M and E.
You can see that it is about the existing methods of treating a new born baby born to an opioid mother. The existing method is all about separating the baby from its mother.
|Research now suggests that this long-established standard of care may be the worst way to care for a newborn with opioid dependency, or neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The NICU is busy, noisy, and bright, filled with beeping machines, other crying babies, and bustling nurses. Infants are fed not when they’re hungry but every three hours on a schedule. When they cry, there may be no one to hold them if the nurses are busy attending to other babies. And when they finally can sleep, they may be awakened to be poked and prodded for medical tests and treatments.||Para 2
The second paragraph starts by dismissing the existing method and then introducing a new method.
|A new initiative is turning NAS treatment on its head with a shockingly simple concept: treat the baby like a baby and the mom like a mom. Keep the baby and the mother together. Keep the baby out of the NICU. And don’t give the baby opioids unless absolutely necessary.||Para 3
The simple concept is explained here.
|This approach is known as “Eat, Sleep, Console,” meaning let the babies eat and sleep when they want and console them when they cry. With this protocol, some hospitals have reduced the average hospitalization of babies with NAS from 18 days to 11 days, saving $389,000. Studies at other institutions have shown newborns experience no adverse effects from this new protocol.||Para 4
Explaining Eat, Sleep, Console method.
|To anyone who’s taken care of an infant, Eat, Sleep, Console may sound obvious, but to physicians and nurses who treat babies with NAS, it’s a revolutionary departure from decades of practice recommended by experts.||Para 5
It sounds like supporting the existing method at some point but then it tends to support the new method – letting the baby stay with the opioid dependent mother.
|“Taking these babies from their moms and putting them in a nursery where it’s noisy and lights are on has always seemed a little counterintuitive to what’s best for them. But it was what the standard was and what we were told to do. Since the 1970s, the standard of care for NAS has been pharmacologic therapy — typically methadone or morphine — guided by the Finnegan Neonatal Abstinence Scoring System.||Para 6
Once again the text is about the tradition (still existing) method!
|The Finnegan system tests for symptoms of opioid withdrawal, such as shaking, fever, sweating, high-pitched crying, gastrointestinal problems, sneezing, and yawning. Babies are assessed every three hours, and if they score eight or more on the Finnegan three times in a row, they are given medication. Once they’re on the drug, it takes three to four weeks to wean them off, during which time they must remain in the hospital.||Para 7
The last paragraph is about the Finnegan system that is being used to monitor the neonatal recovering from the symptoms.Mostly M + E.
END OF TEXT
Hope you have now understood what is O in a text. As you saw, except the first paragraph (M), all the others are Opposite (O).
That’s not all! As you go through the first Opposite (O1), you may find another opposite which is O2. That means, the O2 is often M (Enemy of your enemy is your friend – O2 of O1 is M).
Did you guess this?
- After picking the M, you may find something opposite to M.
- At the same time, another Opposite (O2) can also be found, and no doubt, the second Opposite is same as M or E.
- O is information in the given text “opposite” to the Main (M) and Examples (E).
- Like the rest of the Melon Types, O is just a way to sort and understand the text by its content.
- When your brain detects anything opposite to the M and E, your reading becomes easier and clearer.