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OET Reading 15 – Analyzing Question Types Part C

Analyzing Question Types – (Reading Part C)

Suppose you are asked to prepare a Reading question paper for the next OET exam!

  • How will you make questions?
  • What will you include?
  • What will you avoid?
  • How tough will your questions be?

Look at these questions in the OET official sample:

7. In the fi rst paragraph, the writer uses Eve Van Cauter’s words to
explain the main causes of sleep deprivation.
reinforce a view about the impact of sleep deprivation.
question some research fi ndings about sleep deprivation.
describe the challenges involved in sleep deprivation research.

8. What do we learn about sleep in the second paragraph?
Scientifi c opinion about its function has changed in recent years.
There is now more controversy about it than there was in the past.
Researchers have tended to confi rm earlier ideas about its purpose.
Studies undertaken in the past have formed the basis of current research.

9. What particularly impressed Bob McCarley of Harvard Medical School?
the effectiveness of adenosine as a sedative
the infl uence of caffeine on adenosine receptors
the simultaneous production of adenosine and adenosine receptors
the extent to which adenosine levels fall when subjects are allowed to sleep

10. In the third paragraph, what idea is emphasised by the phrase ‘by no means the be-all and end-all’?
Sleep deprivation has consequences beyond its impact on adenosine levels.
Adenosine levels are a signifi cant factor in situations other than sleep deprivation.
The role of adenosine as a response to sleep deprivation is not yet fully understood.
The importance of the link between sleep deprivation and adenosine should not be underestimated.

11. What was signifi cant about the fi ndings in Van Cauter’s experiment?
the rate at which the sleep-deprived men entered a pre-diabetic state
the fact that sleep deprivation had an infl uence on the men’s glucose levels
the differences between individual men with regard to their glucose tolerance
the extent of the contrast in the men’s metabolic states between sleep debt and recovery

12. In the fi fth paragraph, what does the word ‘it’ refer to?
an enzyme
new evidence
a catabolic state
enforced lack of sleep

13. What aspect of her fi ndings surprised Chiara Cirelli?
There was no reversal of a certain effect of sleep deprivation.
The cortical neurons of the mice underwent structural changes.
There was evidence of an increased need for energy in the brains of the mice.
The neurological response to sleep deprivation only took a few hours to become apparent.

14. In the fi nal paragraph, the quote from Van Cauter is used to suggest that
the goals of sleep deprivation research are sometimes unclear.
it could be diffi cult to develop any treatment for sleep deprivation.
opinions about the best way to deal with sleep deprivation are divided.
there is still a great deal to be learnt about the effects of sleep deprivation.

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