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Day 15 – Today’s Grammar

Verbs Advanced | Basic

Most English verbs have the same V² and V³ like, “look → looked, talk → talked, walked,” etc but some are not regular. You cannot move a bit ahead without learning these words and their V2 and V3 forms:

When to use V¹, V² and V³

V¹  V² 
She likes to get transferred… She got transferred She has been transferred
Mr Parker lives alone. Ms Lee complained that.. Mr Ram has requested that…
It panics him… The cat scared him… It has badly affected his…

Irregular Verbs in OET

We now need to learn the V2 and V3 forms in order to be good in passive voice and tense usage:

  1. Arise arose arisen
  2. Awake awakened / awoke awakened / awoken
  3. Bear bore born / borne
  4. Beat beat beaten / beat
  5. Become became become
  6. Begin began begun
  7. Bend bent bent
  8. Bind bound bound
  9. Bite bit bitten
  10. Bleed bled bled
  11. Blow blew blown
  12. Break broke broken
  13. Breed bred bred
  14. Bring brought brought
  15. Build built built
  16. Burn burned / burnt [?] burned / burnt [?]
  17. Burst burst burst
  18. Buy bought bought
  19. Cast cast cast
  20. Catch caught caught
  21. Choose chose chosen
  22. Cling clung clung
  23. Come came come
  24. Cost cost cost
  25. Cut cut cut
  26. Deal dealt dealt
  27. Dig dug dug
  28. Draw drew drawn
  29. Dream dreamed / dreamt [?] dreamed / dreamt [?]
  30. Drink drank drunk
  31. Drive drove driven
  32. Eat ate eaten
  33. Fall fell fallen
  34. Feed fed fed
  35. Feel felt felt
  36. Fight fought fought
  37. Find found found
  38. Flee fled fled
  39. Fling flung flung
  40. Fly flew flown
  41. Forbid forbade forbidden
  42. Forecast forecast forecast
  43. Forego (also forgo) forewent foregone
  44. Foresee foresaw foreseen
  45. forget forgot forgotten
  46. Forgive forgave forgiven
  47. Forsake forsook forsaken
  48. Freeze froze frozen
  49. Frostbite frostbit frostbitten
  50. Get got got
  51. Give gave given
  52. Go went gone
  53. Grind ground ground
  54. Grow grew grown
  55. Hang hung hung
  56. Have had had
  57. Hear heard heard
  58. Hide hid hidden
  59. Hit hit hit
  60. Hold held held
  61. Hurt hurt hurt
  62. Interbreed interbred interbred
  63. Keep kept kept
  64. Kneel knelt / kneeled knelt / kneeled
  65. know knew known
  66. Lay laid laid
  67. Lead led led
  68. Lean leaned / leant [?] leaned / leant [?]
  69. Leap leaped / leapt [?] leaped / leapt [?]
  70. Learn learned / learnt [?] learned / learnt [?]
  71. Leave left left
  72. Lend lent lent
  73. Let let let
  74. Lie lay lain
  75. Lie (not tell truth) REGULAR lied lied
  76. Light lit / lighted lit / lighted
  77. Lip-read lip-read lip-read
  78. Lose lost lost
  79. Make made made
  80. Mean meant meant
  81. Meet met met
  82. Mislead misled misled
  83. Mistake mistook mistaken
  84. Outdrink outdrank outdrunk
  85. Outsleep outslept outslept
  86. Outthink outthought outthought
  87. Overdo overdid overdone
  88. Overdrink overdrank overdrunk
  89. Overeat overate overeaten
  90. Overfeed overfed overfed
  91. Overhang overhung overhung
  92. Oversleep overslept overslept
  93. Overtake overtook overtaken
  94. Pay paid paid
  95. Put put put
  96. quit quit / quitted [?] quit / quitted [?]
  97. Read read (sounds like “red”) read (sounds like “red”)
  98. Rethink rethought rethought
  99. Ride rode ridden
  100. Ring rang rung
  101. Rise rose risen
  102. Run ran run
  103. Say said said
  104. See saw seen
  105. Seek sought sought
  106. Send sent sent
  107. Set set set
  108. Shake shook shaken
  109. Shave shaved shaved / shaven
  110. Shed shed shed
  111. Show showed shown / showed
  112. Shrink shrank / shrunk shrunk
  113. Shut shut shut
  114. Sing sang sung
  115. Sink sank / sunk sunk
  116. Sit sat sat
  117. Sleep slept slept
  118. Slide slid slid
  119. Sling slung slung
  120. Slit slit slit
  121. Smell smelled / smelt [?] smelled / smelt [?]
  122. Speak spoke spoken
  123. Speed sped / speeded sped / speeded
  124. Spend spent spent
  125. Spill spilled / spilt [?] spilled / spilt [?]
  126. Spit spit / spat spit / spat
  127. Split split split
  128. Spoon-feed spoon-fed spoon-fed
  129. Spread spread spread
  130. Stand stood stood
  131. Stick stuck stuck
  132. Sting stung stung
  133. Stink stunk / stank stunk
  134. Strike (hit) struck struck / stricken
  135. Swear swore sworn
  136. Sweat sweat / sweated sweat / sweated
  137. Sweep swept swept
  138. Swell swelled swollen / swelled
  139. Swim swam swum
  140. Swing swung swung
  141. Take took taken
  142. Teach taught taught
  143. Tear tore torn
  144. Tell told told
  145. Throw threw thrown
  146. Thrust thrust thrust
  147. Underfeed underfed underfed
  148. Undergo underwent undergone
  149. No commonly used irregular verbs beginning with “V.”
  150. Wake woke / waked woken / waked
  151. Wear wore worn
  152. Weep wept wept
  153. Wet wet / wetted [?] wet / wetted [?]
  154. Win won won
  155. Wind wound wound
  156. Withdraw withdrew withdrawn
  157. Withhold withheld withheld
  158. Withstand withstood withstood
  159. Wring wrung wrung
  160. Write wrote written

Remember!

  1. If the action just started but not yet completed, use “has / have” + V3
  2. More clearly, if you are reporting an action that is partly done and its conclusion is expected, use H + V3.
  3. If the time of the past action is available / known, use only simple past (V2)

Now, Let’s Play the Questions below.

  • Question of

    Mr Parker has just ___ (wake) from a long sleep.

    • woke
    • waken
    • woken
  • Question of

    She ___ another appointment for the next Monday.

    • booked
    • books
    • has booked
  • Question of

    Ms Lee ___ all night.

    • weeped
    • has weeped
    • has wept
    • wept
  • Question of

    Mr Philip ___ surgery and now he is recovering well.

    • underwent
    • undergone
    • has undergone
  • Question of

    I was found that Mr Roy had a sharp knife ___ into his back.

    • stick
    • stuck
    • sticked
  • Question of

    If the nurse observes that blood has ___ around the loin, immediate surgery shall be arranged.

    • spreaded
    • spread
  • Question of

    Yes, my son ___ up twice after the fall. (Throw up = vomit)

    • throw
    • threw
    • has thrown
  • Question of

    This is not a serious sting. Looks like the insect ___ mildly.

    • sting
    • stinged
    • stung
    • has stung

Written by Biju John

Love for English begins with understanding its unknown rules. Biju John lives on the internet, teaching OET, IELTS and PTE. More than a million students have thanked him from their heart.

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Day 15 Case Notes Analysis

Corrected Letter 35