PTE Exam Tips with Melons Method

Melons Method to Solve PTE Questions

Applying MELONS in Summarizing

  • You can apply any one or all of the “Melons” to summarize the text.
  • Firstly, find out the S1 (Subject) of the passage.
  • Note, there are always more than just 1 subject. Find them all out.
  • Secondly, as you read, look for the M1 or the Main Idea of the passage.
  • Note, there can be more than 1 Main Idea (M1).
  • Thirdly, watch for the Object or Objects (O1) of the Subjects (S1)
  • Finally, apply “Elimination Method”

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Humankind (S1) has an innate desire to liberate from the restriction of mundane existence. Some people (S1) follow (M1) the paths of spirituality, prayer, meditation while other people (S1) follow (M1) the paths of art, music, sexual passion or intoxicating substances to experience a temporary altered state of consciousness. Since the advent of civilization (Neolithic age), alcohol as an intoxicating substance is being used by Homosapiens (S1) for fantasies. Liminality (S1) is the quality of ambiguity that occurs in the middle stage of rituals (transition) when participants no longer hold their pre-ritual original status and not reach the final post ritual status. Liminality (S1) is associated with tension and danger (O1). Similarly, as human beings, we are also passing through life-cycles, lifestyles, and habitual transition in our lives. The life-cycle events involve major transformation, a source of anxiety and fear for the human. Alcohol drinking (S1) provides liminal period (O1) (a way of passing from the ordered regulation of one form of social context to the less-ordered form of another one) borderline interval segregated from everyday mundane existence.

These ceremonial events (S1) (life-cycle, lifestyle, and habitual transition) with their accompanying drinking patterns provide relief to drinkers from the daily boredoms and frustrations of life and ease of social tensions. Dissolving hierarchical social classes and gender differences on ceremonial occasions, alcohol is associated with recreation, festivity, and spontaneity.

Alcohol (S1) is used in life-cycle transitions (O1), lifestyle transitions (O1), and habitual transitions (O1) by humankind. Drinking (S1), as a symbolic punctuation mark in our lives, differentiate one social context from another from the cradle to the grave. Drinks define significant transitions in our lives through their symbolic, psychological and social functions of transition rituals. The type of brand served for drink defines the nature of the event; build the social relationship and interaction among drinkers.


Let’s now make the summary of the passage above! Collect all the S1, M1, O1 and Eliminate (E3):

S1 M1 O1
Humankind, Homosapiens, Neolithic Man, other people Follow, use, pass through, involve, Life cycles, transitions, alcohol,
Alcohol drinking, Liminality, Liberate, provide, Dissolve, Build Relief, ease, restrictions, social relationships

The relevance of


If there is any magic you can trust to solve the PTE Tasks, that is the “Melons” Method. Below, have a look:

Melons Meaning Explanation
Main Idea The main idea presented in the text / paragraph. There can be more than 1 Main idea in a single Text.
Modals Modals are may, might, can, could, must and should.
Expansion Dividing the M into categories
Effect The consequence of something, like, ageing as an effect of hormones.
Elimination Getting rid of repeated, irrelevant, less relevant information.
Lexicon Words, especially words with similar meanings.
Language Confusing Grammar, such as English Mathematics.
Logic Logical terms like True, False, If, and 9 > 7 (9 is greater than 7)
Object Object of a Sentence.
Opposite Any idea opposite to any information.
Negatives Any idea that implies no, not, neither, none, never, don’t, etc.
Numbers Numbers include amount (how many, how much)
Subject The subject of a sentence (who / what)
Speculation Speculation means “guessing” the central theme of the text.

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How to Proceed?

Please follow these 5 simple steps to master Melons Method.

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  5. Complete each task one after the other.

All the Best!

Writing Section

Summarize with “Melons” Method

Examination Tips

On the Day of Examination

Reading Section

Reading Introduction

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PTE Exam Tips with Melons Method