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OET30 Day 24

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OET30 Day 24

SUBJECTS - NOUNS, PRONOUNS & MORE

Emigration:

Welcome to the commencement day of OET30 Program! This page will guide you through the entire program detail, the tasks, the methods, initial tips, introduction of the 4 Modules and much more.

  • 1 Day
  • Marks 100
  • Medium

Course

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Welcome Message!

Commencement Day Tasks

Often and always, most candidates fail in OET because of a number of reasons such as practicing without learning, borrowed English language and fear in the examination hall. With all that in mind we have developed this simple but powerful program. Proceed to the tasks and develop the following skills:

  1. English language with strong Grammar!
  2. Listening and Reading Skills
  3. Writing Skills
  4. Speaking Skills
  5. Common Sense
  6. Medical Knowledge

All the best!!

With best wishes to keep your heart strong,
Biju John and Team, English Melon.

Today's Grammar

Nominalization

Grammar is the first step to any English examination. Be it OET, IELTS, PTE or TOEFL, grammar is the starting point. A poor grammatical structure earns you a bad reputation. Today let’s look at nominalization in OET.

Read the entire grammar section and go through all the solved and unsolved tests.

What is nominalization?

Nominalization is converting a word into its noun form. In OET, we often have to write certain words in their noun forms. Let’s look at this example:

  • In case note: Distorted vision
  • His surgeon has made a detailed study about the ___ of his vision. (distorting / distort / distortion)

In this case, the correct word is “distortion.”

In the session we will learn:

  • How to change to noun form,
  • How to change noun forms to other forms.

Part 1 – Forming Nouns from verbs and adjective:

Look at this table. You can see how a word changes to its noun form:

Source WordNoun Form
AnalyzeAnalysis
BelieveBelief
CompareComparison
ConcludeConclusion
DetermineDetermination
FailFailure
IncludeInclusion
ReactReaction
SuggestSuggestion
CarelessCarelessness
DifficultDifficulty
IntenseIntensity
ObjectObjection
NeglectNegligence
DecideDecision
AssumeAssumption
Explain Explanation
HopefulHope
ApplyApplication

Part 2 – Gerunds

Gerunds are also called “verbal nouns.” In short, it is changing a verb into a noun form by adding -ing to a verb:

  • Going for a walk in the morning will be good.
  • She has to refrain from lifting heavy weight for a month.
  • Hiking can be arduous during time.
  • Loitering is not permitted until the pain is completely under control.

Part 3 – Conclusion

Nominalization is very important in LRWS. To summarize this section, please proceed to the Quiz below:

Time to Test

  • Pick the Noun Forms. Quiz!

Reading Section

Labeling, Mock Test & More

In Reading Section, you have the following tasks:

  1. A complete test (mock test)
  2. Sentence Labeling
  3. Paragraph Labeling

NB: Make sure you complete the mock test in the exact time given in the question paper. If you are a premium member, you have already got the pdf test file. You need to get it printed out prior to the test!

Sentence Labeling

Summarize the sentences in a word or 2!

Labeling is ‘summarizing’ sentences and paragraphs in a word or a few words. By ‘labeling’, you prepare your brain to understand your reading extracts in the fraction of a second, without feeling ‘tired of reading.’ Labeling helps you with:

  1. Reading without getting tired;
  2. Understanding the ideas very quickly;
  3. Find out the answers instantly and correctly.

Write the label of the following sentences in a word or 2. The first one has been done for you:

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a disorder of the connective tissue characterized by fibrosis of the skin, vascular abnormalities, and presence of autoantibodies.

Label: What’s SSc?

To sum up, labeling of sentences involves the following steps:

  1. Read each sentence carefully (your brain works many times faster while labeling)
  2. Guess and write the summary / theme / title of the sentence.
  3. If the sentence has more than a single idea, separate each word with comma.

Today’s sentences for Sentence Labeling

  1. An ear infection (sometimes called acute otitis media) is an infection of the middle ear, the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the tiny vibrating bones of the ear.
  2. Children are more likely than adults to get ear infections.
  3. Because ear infections often clear up on their own, treatment may begin with managing pain and monitoring the problem.
  4. Sometimes, antibiotics are used to clear the infection.
  5. Some people are prone to having multiple ear infections.
  6. This can cause hearing problems and other serious complications.
  7. An ear infection is caused by a bacterium or virus in the middle ear.
  8. This infection often results from another illness — cold, flu or allergy — that causes congestion and swelling of the nasal passages, throat and eustachian tubes.
  9. Children between the ages of 6 months and 2 years are more susceptible to ear infections because of the size and shape of their eustachian tubes and because their immune systems are still developing.
  10. Mild hearing loss that comes and goes is fairly common with an ear infection, but it usually gets better after the infection clears.

Likely labels for the sentences above:

  1. Features of X – This sentence often presents a list of features the subject matter has.
  2. Subject matter – Subject matter explain what this paragraph is all about.
  3. Research report – The report based on a research study.
  4. Risk factors
  5. Incidence of X in Y – The popularity of the subject matter in areas like literature, education, research, etc.
  6. Association – Explains the other areas to which the subject matter is connected / linked / associated.

Paragraph Labeling

Summarize the paragraphs in less than 10 words!

Labeling of paragraphs is ‘summarizing’ paragraphs in a a few words. By ‘labeling’, you prepare your brain to understand your reading extracts in the fraction of a second, without feeling ‘tired of reading.’ Labeling helps you with:

  1. Reading without getting tired;
  2. Understanding the ideas very quickly;
  3. Finding out the answers instantly and correctly.

Example 1

Cerebral contusions are scattered areas of bleeding on the surface of the brain, most commonly along the undersurface and poles of the frontal and temporal lobes.
They occur when the brain strikes a ridge on the skull or a fold in the dura mater, the brain’s tough outer covering. These bruises may occur without other types of bleeding or they may occur with acute subdural or epidural hematomas.

Label: General Information

Example 2:

Most patients with cerebral contusions have had a serious head injury with a loss of consciousness. Cerebral edema, or swelling, typically develops around contusions within 48 to 72 hours after injury.

Label: Symptoms

Example 3

As with other types of intracranial hemorrhages, cerebral contusions are most rapidly and accurately diagnosed using computed tomography (CT) brain scans.

Label: Diagnosis

Example 4

If pressure on the brain increases significantly or if the hemorrhage forms a sizeable blood clot in the brain (an intracerebral hematoma), a craniotomy to open a section of the skull may be required to surgically remove the cerebral contusion.

Label: Treatment

Example 5

Recovery after brain injury varies widely. Treatment outcomes vary according to size and location of the cerebral contusion. Other predictors include age, the initial Glasgow Coma Scale score, and the presence of other types of brain injuries.

Label: Outcome

To sum up, labeling of paragraphs involves the following steps:

  1. Read each paragraph carefully (your brain works many times faster while labeling)
  2. Guess and write the summary / theme / title of the paragraph.
  3. As a paragraph has 2 kinds of contents – central theme and contributing themes – separate each ‘label’ with comma.

Paragraph 1

A new waterproof cast lining was developed in the 1990s for both plaster and fiberglass casts. This new lining combined with a fiberglass cast means a completely waterproof cast. That makes it possible for you to bathe, shower, and swim while wearing a cast.

Paragraph 2

But the problem is that water and soap can get stuck between the cast and skin. This can lead to possible maceration of the skin under the cast. Maceration is when the skin stays moist for too long, making it appear lighter and wrinkly. It can increase your risk of infections.

Paragraph 3

Although a fiberglass cast can get wet, the typical padding underneath can’t. So, if you want a fully waterproof cast, you must discuss it with your doctor. They can determine whether a waterproof liner is appropriate for your specific situation.

Listening Section

If you are a premium member of OET30, you have already received the audios and test pdfs in your mail box. Please get the pdfs printed.

In Listening Section, you have the following tasks:

  1. A complete test (mock test)
  2. Transcription of at least 1 part of the given audio.
  3. Labeling of the Audios

NB: Make sure you complete the mock test in the exact time given in the question paper.

What is Transcription Task?

Go ahead and transcribe (write down) listening task audios that you have received on registration for OET30 Program. Listen as many times until you got all the words!

NB: Transcription Method will bore you and it takes a lot of time but this will change your listening experience!

Transcription Task

  1. Find out today’s transcription audio from the learning folder you have received / Pick any OET Listening Audios / Listen to the short audios below.
  2. Get your headphone, pen, notebook and the device to play back the audio.
  3. Start playing back and listen carefully.
  4. As you listen to the audio, start writing down the conversations in the notebook.
  5. You will have to pause, stop, rewind and forward the playback head many times.
  6. Complete writing the transcription.

That’s all!

NB: When you play back large audio files, listen continuously till the end and write the transcription, leaving blank spaces whenever you fail to understand a particular word. After reaching the end of the audio, replay and fill the blanks.

Labeling Task

Listen to the short audios below and, applying the paragraph labeling you have mastered by now, write the short labels of the audio in a word or in a few words.

Audio Labeling 1

Audio Labeling 2

Speaking Section

Warm-up, Role Plays and More

In Speaking Section, you have the following tasks:

  1. Reading a warm up question with sample answer.
  2. Writing your own answer to the warm up question.
  3. Complete a quiz of the given role play!
  4. Find someone who has recently passed OET exam. Request him/her to be your speaking partner for a while. If needed, offer to pay!
  5. If you are under training under someone, speak to him/her.

Additionally:

  1. Read as many OET Speaking books and refer to OET Official website, E2 Language, Odin English, Swoosh, etc.
  2. Listen to OET official videos.
  3. Watch medical interviews.
  4. Buy a Speaking Plan from us. Mail “Please Help me Speak/OET” to bejewjohn@gmail.com

Warm Up Question

Why did you choose OET over other exams like IELTS or PTE?

That’s really an interesting question! When I first thought seriously about immigration, IELTS came to my mind because among my friends most of them were familiar with IELTS and OET is still not very popular in my neighborhood. Besides, we did not have an OET center nearby. Honestly speaking, I made two months’ rigorous preparation for IELTS and then was ready to book my exam when, you know, all were talking only about OET! I made my own kind of investigation and began to strangely feel that OET must be my choice because the questions are all, medical.

Sample Reply 1

English Melon

It is hard to get acknowledgement in most of the professions, especially in nursing. What happens is, patients forget to return a word of gratitude to their doctors and nurses once they recover from a dreadful disease that had kept them in the critical list. However, I still remember Mr Richard who was in my care for three days in a hospital in the Middle East where I worked for six months.

Mr Richard was a postoperative patient in the cardiac ICU and I was one of the duty nurses. He had a strong family support but during that time all his family members were touring the Americas. He was an independent man but after the surgery, he developed dependence. He could not manage his daily activities without one of us. Whenever he had pain in the incision areas, he used to call me to his side and speak. Soon I saw that this gentleman was surrounded by a strong family that didn’t make him strong – I mean, he was in an abandoned state. I felt pity for him and that was the starting of an attachment between the two of us. When he got discharged, he got my contact details. After a month, a year ago, I had a call from him asking if I would like to work in one of the leading hospitals in Dubai as nursing superintendent but I declined the offer with fond love. After all, I will not be comfortable in the Middle East. We still communicate.

ROLE PLAYER’S CARD

Setting: Hospital Ward

You are 67 years old and have been admitted to hospital for balloon angioplasty. Six months previously, you had a coronary artery bypass graft, from which you made a good recovery. This admission, there is obstruction to the coronary arteries by further atherosclerotic deposits.

You have lived on your own since your husband’s death 3 years ago.

Task:

  • Answer the nurse’s questions and explain that you get most of your nutrition from take away food.
  • You have cut down on cigarettes from 20 to 10 a day. You do not exercise out of fear of further heart problems.
  • You have a son who lives on the other side of town.
  • Tell the nurse you fear for your health and ask for advice about lifestyle improvements.

CANDIDATE'S CARD

Setting – Hospital Ward

A 67 year-old patient is admitted to hospital for balloon angioplasty. Six months ago she had a coronary artery bypass graft, from which she made a good recovery. Now there is obstruction to the coronary arteries by further atherosclerotic deposits. Her current medical history indicates that she may need to look at lifestyle changes. She has lived on their own since his husband’s death 3 years ago.

Task:

  • Ask the patient about her diet, exercise, smoking and drinking habits and any support networks of family and friends.
  • Reassure the patient the lifestyle changes can be made easily.
  • Emphasise the importance of moderate exercise and eating healthier foods.
  • Discuss exercise options such as waling or lawn bowls and setting achievable goals for dietary improvements (e.g., start by cooking once a week, avoid unhealthy foods when grocery shopping).

Writing Section

Let's write and Assess Letters here!

Today’s Writing Tasks are:

  1. Read the case note carefully (because most of them are modified or new).
  2. If you are a member of today’s Group, Type / write the letter and post in the premium “OET30” Telegram Group.
  3. If you are not a member of today’s group and still want regular letter correction, buy a writing package right now and submit your letters for correction.
  4. If you have a personal Take your note book and write down your letter.
  5. Attend the 7.00 pm Live Correction sessions.
  6. In case you missed the Live Correction, you can view the same Offline. That doesn’t make much difference.
  7. Also, attempt the unsolved tests.

What should you do?

NB: Check if you can join Live Corrections (Live/Offline). If this doesn’t work, you should not enroll for OET30 Programs.

Decide on what platform you will join the Live Sessions.

  1. Mobile / Android Tabs: Click Here and see if this link opens in your Google Docs app.
  2. PC / Laptops: Click Here

If clicking opens a page with “Welcome to OET30 Live Page!,” you can join my Live Sessions. You can join OET30 Programs.

OCCUPATIONAL ENGLISH TEST

WRITING SUB-TEST: Nursing

TIME ALLOWED: READING TIME: 5 MINUTES
WRITING TIME: 40 MINUTES

Read the case notes and complete the writing task which follows.

Write a referral letter to admitting doctor (in-charge) of ER for further investigations and treatment.

Patient Details:

  • Mrs Laureata Croft
  • Age: 37
  • Occupation: School nurse at Leyola High School, Flinder’s Street, Townsville, Australia.
  • Husband: Mr Simpson Croft, school teacher.
  • Lives with husband, two sons and husband’s parents
  • Mother lives with brother Nicholaz at Ross Island 28 miles away.
  • Mother very concerned about Mrs Croft. Visits her once every week.

Medical History

  • Irregular heart rate, diagnosed in 2015. On medication.
  • Syncope /sinkepee/, diagnosed in 2016, hospitalized for 3 days

1st visit: 14th November.

  • Patient collapsed and fell unconscious for 30 minutes but recovered.

2nd visit: 2nd December

  • Examination and vitals stable

Today’s visit:

  • Palpitations, shortness of breath and fatigue. Possible Atrial fibrillation.
  • Irregular HR

Diet (Irregular)

  • Whole Milk,
  • Ice-cream shakes,
  • Fruit drinks, Doughnuts, Pancakes, Waffles, Pizzas,
  • Cheeseburgers, Biscuits, muffins, Cajun Fries, Hash brown.

Reluctant to get admitted and reports that her dear ones, especially her children and mother, will worry about her condition although she is convinced that it’s an emergency and need to get admitted.

Plan

  • Avoid strenuous activities/travel
  • Advised to lose weight (not overweight at present)
  • Normal Diabetic diet and low-fat diet.

In your answer:

  • Expand the relevant notes into complete sentences
  • Do not use note form
  • Use letter format
  • The body of the letter should be approximately 180-200 words.

Writing Format

Follow this format

Please read the case notes and write 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 on your question paper. 

Who is the recipient of the letter?

  1. Doctor – Do not include much social history
  2. Social worker – Give detailed social history
  3. Physio – Medical history
  4. Write only what the recipient need to know.

Who is the patient?

  1. Age
  2. Gender – Do not interchange “he” and “she”
  3. Condition – The present condition only.

What is the purpose?

  1. Single purpose?
  2. Multi purpose?
    1. Decide what is the present condition.
    2. Sometimes the case notes will present more than 2 – 3 purposes but you have to decide what is the present condition.
  3. If multi purposes, decide who is the prime patient.

What are irrelevant?

  1. Based on the recipient and patient’s condition some information are irrelevant
  2. Always ask – “Should the recipient know this condition / problem of the patient?
  3. Why? Why not?
  4. Some irrelevant expressions:
    1. She lives with her husband (she can’t live with someone’s husband) No need of “Her”
    2. If a disease condition is not present now, that also is not important
    3. I don’t remember many examples. Will update later.

Difference between admission date and discharge dates

  1. In some cases, the patient is not admitted (wound dressing, emergency)
  2. In some cases, the discharge date will not be given.
    1. Admitted on 1st Novemebers
    2. Diagnosed on the second day
    3. Surgery on the fifth day
    4. 4 days of post operative care
    5. 1 day under observation
  3. In such cases, you have to make a calculation and write

What is the trick in this case notes?

  1. Too much information (decide only what is relevant)
  2. The question of “Known – not known case”
  3. A new genre of task, like, “information letter!”
  4. Too many medicines names to a social worker
  5. Confusing about “who is the real patient…

Known case or not known?

  1. If there is an expression like, “his/her gp” it is known case
  2. Refer him back to Dr Mattew (Known)
  3. Refer him to Dr Mattew (Not known).

Expanding Notes

How to Expand two or more words to a sentence?

At the end of this task, you will be able to expand single and multiple words into meaningful sentences.

  • Add more parts of speech before and after the “note”.
  • Change word into phrase; change phrase into clauses; change clauses into sentences.

You need to develop skills to convert broken words into meaningful sentences:

Now let’s expand simple notes to complete sentences. It is like adding flesh, blood and skin to a skeleton, that is, you have to add many words to the given 2 or three words.

  1. Lives alone → Mr Peter lives alone.
  2. Can walk → He can walk.
  3. Needs assistance → However, he needs assistance with walking.
  4. Dressing done → His dressing is done.
  5. No Children → Mr Peter has no children.
  6. Brother lives in London with family, two children →  He has a brother who lives in London with two children.
  7. Her neighbor, Mona, visits her house once in a week → Mona, her neighbor, visits her house once in a week.
  8. Incontinence of bladder & bowel at times → She also suffers from incontinence of bladder and bowel at times.
  9. Husband works in factory: setting up small import business → Her husband works in a factory and is setting up a small import business simultaneously.
  10. Said English at night school → She said that she learns English at a night school.
  11. Children (boy 13, boy 11, girl 7) all at school; working hard to adjust → With three school-going children between 7 and 13, she finds it hard to adjust.
  12. Strong family commitment to school/work/study/business → (In spite of all this) She maintains very strong family commitment with school, work, study and business.
  13. After operation, hard to manage new baby → After this operation, she finds it hard to manage the new baby.
  14. No other family in Australia → It is worth considering that he has no other family in Australia.

Connecting Sentences

Use of Connectors

At the end of this task, you will be able to connect small sentences into big complex and compound sentences.

  • Use of Relative Pronouns like who, whose, whom, for whom, for which, etc.
  • Use of Conjunctions like and, but, because, although, if, etc.

Example:

Study the pairs of notes and see how they are connected:

  1. Earns a high pension;
  2. Unwilling to spend on treatment

→ Although Mr Peter earns a high amount as pension, he is unwilling to spend on (his) treatment.

Exercise 1. Combine the two parts with a Relative Pronouns like who, whose, whom, for whom, for which, etc.

  1. I am writing to refer Mr Walker. He is presented with features suggestive of pro-static carcinoma.
  2. Ms Sharman is a new resident of our center. She has been suffering from severe dementia since 2011.
  3. Ms Sharman enjoys eating a lot of food. She has gained about 10 kg of weight over the last 5 months.
  4. Mr Oakes is recuperating from a myocardial infarction. He needs cardiac rehabilitation.
  5. Ms Sharman has had diabetes mellitus since 2000. For this she consumes a diabetic.

Checking the 7 Criteria

Live Letter Correction

Writing Marking Criteria!

On this Day 5, let me explain the 7 criteria upon which OET assesses your letters. If you focus only on a few but not all, you will not B!

  1. Purpose – What action do you want the recipient take after reading this letter?
  2. Content – What should you write and what not?
  3. Conciseness and Clarity – Relevant or irrelevant?
  4. Genre & Style – Do you know to whom you are writing?
  5. Organization and Layout – Does it look like a letter?
  6. Language – Does your language confuse or clarify?

Not official but very much crucial – Handwriting! Can the assessor read you?

Task Let's Assess this Letter

Live Letter Correction

We assess and correct each day’s 5 letters, live!

  1. Time of Live Correction – 7.00 PM – 09 PM and 10 AM – 11 am, Indian Standard Time (IST)
  2. Number of sample corrections – Up to 5
  3. Whose letters are corrected? – A list of participants will be published on the telegram group “OET30”
  4. Can I get my letter corrected? – Yes but you get a chance only twice or thrice!

Go to the Live Page.

Commence, Commencement, Has Commenced

Learn how to use these words correctly!

I will once again explain this “commenced issue”.

The right expressions are:

  • She commenced on Aspirin
  • She has commenced on Aspirin
  • Her treatment commenced with intravenous therapy
  • Her treatment has commenced with intravenous fluids…

The wrong expressions are:

  • She was commenced on oxygen therapy.
  • She has been commenced on physiotherapy.
  • He has been commenced on Aspirin and Warfarin as required.

Why?

Commence or commenced means “start / started”. To understand that, take this Quiz!

Stop Practicing Now

... if your exam is in less than 5 days.

If your exam is in less than 5 days, the first thing is, stop all kinds of practices by now.

No more practice from this point of time. Why? You minds are a little distressed! Your brain is not absolutely normal now. If you do practice now, most of your answers will go wrong and that will lead to more tension. Whatever you do will backfire. So, as you believe me, no more practices now!

Speak Well!

Speak into the Mike

If Google can understand you, your interlocutor will, too!

This is a very important task. You have to use a little technology to do this task. Do not worry, you already have this technology with you. All you need to do is, take your smartphone and:

  1. Open Google Docs
  2. Create a New Document by clicking on the + button below
  3. Click on the Microphone button on top of the keypad
  4. Start speaking the text below.

NB: You will have to speak many times. Initially Google may not recognize your accent so you will need to try several times.

A recent study, reported on by Medical News Today, found that the faster a person walks, the longer they may live, with older adults benefitting the most from a brisk pace. Medical professionals have long used gait speed as a marker of health and fitness among older adults, but the new research asks a slightly different question: Does a slow gait speed in midlife indicate and predict accelerated aging?

Story Completion

Write a story based on the verbal input below:

You may be wondering why you have been asked to write a story! Write this story because this is very important and is included in all the 30 days.

By writing a story from imagination, you develop qualities outside medical skills, like:

  1. Imaginative skills that will help in speaking.
  2. Ability to shift between past tense and present tense.
  3. Skill to work with imagination while listening to a conversation.

How to write a story?

  1. Read the verbal input which is usually the beginning limes, middle lines or closing lines.
  2. Mostly stories are written in past tense so your story should be written in past tense (90%) and the rest (10%) in past tense and future tense.
  3. You can see a sample story each on This Page.

Write a simple story with the following starting:

Starting – “When Nr Laksmi reached the railway station, it was past 9.00 pm. Her train would take 10 more minutes to depart the platform. Running into the coach and finding her seat number 12, she began to suspect if she would reach Ms Alfia’s residence in time.”

Biju John

Love for English begins with understanding its unknown rules. Biju John lives on the internet, teaching OET, IELTS and PTE. More than a million students have thanked him from their heart.

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