Dear Participant, OET30 is different from the traditional methods of practices-after-practices without acquiring skills. The key feature of OET30 by English Melon is building up skills first and then putting them in practice. To build up your skills, we have the following tasks:
- Labeling Method (R)
- Transcription Method (L)
- Grammar Training (SWiRL)
- Group-wise Speaking
- Live Corrections (Writing)
- Story Writing (SW)
- Quizzes (SWiRL)
- Word Power-Up (SWiRL)
Dos and Don’ts
- From today, you will have just a single trainer!
- Take your time but never miss a task! Stay motivated.
- In case you have questions, openly ask them in the OET30 Telegram Group.
- Be active in the group and be ready to help others.
- Have faith in you, in me and in the Almighty!
Kindly note that OET30 will follow a very flexible but fixed time table for everyone’s convenience. All the time references are in Indian Standard Time (IST)
|10.00 AM||Publishing Page|
|11.00 AM||Live Correction 1|
|12.00 PM||Live Correction 2|
|02.00 PM||Live Role Play|
|03.00 PM||Live Correction 3|
|07.00 PM||Live Correction|
Please note, you should have done the following preparation for participating OET30:
- Install Google Docs (if you are using a mobile phone / tab).
- Use only Google Chrome browser.
- You should have a notebook and pencil. Use only a pencil to practice.
- Practice with and without a headphone.
- Get in touch with your group members and get a speaking partner on Day 1 itself.
NB: Use a computer (laptop / desktop) for better experience. However, high end mobile phones can be used.
Why are we starting with Subject?
I believe we should start with subjects because every sentence has a subject that agrees with the rest of the sentence. Most of the errors I have corrected in OET letters and speaking role-plays are in connection with subject – verb issues.
NB: Before you start, you may not understand each rules mentioned below. If you do not understand, the same will be discussed during the discussion time from 7.00 pm to 9.00 pm Indian Time.
What are Subjects in a Sentence?
Every sentence has a subject and a verb. Most errors happen in English when your knowledge of Subject – Verb is poor! Subjects are usually nouns (like ‘Mr Peter Parker) and pronouns (like ‘he’ and ‘she’) that carry out the main action in a sentence.
- Mr Peter Parker is a smoker.
- Mrs Parker takes care of their two sons but Mr Parker is always busy with his job.
- She has no complaints because she knows that indirectly her husband is also taking care of their sons and herself.
In the two sentences above, Mr Peter Parker and Mrs Parker are the subjects.
- In the first sentence above, Mr Parker does not do any action when we speak about him but we say that “he is a smoker” because he usually does ‘smoking’.
- In the second sentence above, Mrs Parker does an action but again, Mr Parker does not do any particular action but it is evident that he ‘does’ some job.
What are the common subjects in OET?
1. Names of patients like:
- Ms Emma,
- Mr Billy,
- Master Rohan, etc.
2. Nouns that do not have a “name”. In OET the names of patients, most disease names, most medicine names, etc.
- The patient and her mother need immediate psychological support…,
- Your son’s involvement in unprotected sexual activities has made him weak over the years.
- The family needs support of a social worker to overcome this situation.
3. Pronouns like:
- He – “He needs to be monitored for breathing difficulty.”
- She – “She can now ambulate without a support.”
- It – “It is a common disease among children.”
- They – “They need the service of a home care nurse.”
- I – “I think the child and father should consult a psychiatrist.”
- We – “We are providing a wedge pillow for a period of 3 weeks.”
- You – “You need to talk to the mother of the child before further assessment.”
Finding out Subjects Direct Sentences (Active)
Direct Sentences or Active Voice follow a Subject → Verb. For example, “She commenced medication on Aspirin” is Subject → Verb sentence.
- Ms Elizabeth lives alone. (Social History)
- He can neither read English nor speak meaningful sentences. (Social History)
- She was admitted her a month ago with osteoarthritis and a sudden outbreak of eczema. (Medical history)
Subjects in Indirect Sentences (Passive)
Now you know that the subject in “She needs urgent treatment” is “She” and “The patient can walk without support” is “The patient.”
Alright but what about “She was advised to avoid lifting more than 10 kg of weight”?
- Is it “She”?
In fact, No! Here we have to ask the same questions – what or who!
- Ask: Who / What advised her?
- Answer: A doctor, nurse or most probably, a physiotherapist!
That makes sense but why is that not mentioned? Now listen! When the subject is not given directly, such a sentence is said to be in Passive Voice. Remember, you will have to guess “by whom” each action was done.
- Her treatment was commenced on Aspirin.
- She was advised to do a lot of exercise.
- Warfarin was prescribed for him.
Ask by whom each action was done!
- In the first sentence, “the doctor commenced her treatment on Warfarin.”
- In the second sentence, “her dietitian advised her to do a lot of exercise.”
- In the third sentence, probably “the doctor prescribed Warfarin for him.”
We will see Passive Voice in details on another day. Now this is enough!
Find out Subjects
Below is a quiz. Find out the subjects in each sentence and click the correct subject from the options. To get the subject:
- Find out the verb.
- ask “who / what / by whom” did that action.
Look at this sentence:
- Sentence: “She commenced medication on Aspirin.”
- Question: Who commenced medication on Aspirin?
- Answer: “She…”
- Pick any OET Listening Audios / Listen to the short audios below.
- Get your headphone, pen, notebook and the device to play back the audio.
- Start playing back and listen carefully.
- As you listen to the audio, start writing down the conversations in the notebook.
- You will have to pause, stop, rewind and forward the playback head many times.
- Complete writing the transcription.
NB: When you play back large audio files, listen continuously till the end and write the transcription, leaving blank spaces whenever you fail to understand a particular word. After reaching the end of the audio, replay and fill the blanks.
Listen to the short audios below and, applying the paragraph labeling you have mastered by now, write the short labels of the audio in a word or in a few words.
Audio Labeling 1
Audio Labeling 2
That’s really an interesting question! When I first thought seriously about immigration, IELTS came to my mind because among my friends most of them were familiar with IELTS and OET is still not very popular in my neighborhood. Besides, we did not have an OET center nearby. Honestly speaking, I made two months’ rigorous preparation for IELTS and then was ready to book my exam when, you know, all were talking only about OET! I made my own kind of investigation and began to strangely feel that OET must be my choice because the questions are all, medical.
Nurse: “Mr. Edmond Whitely? My name is Sam – Sam Mueller. I’m the nurse practitioner in this facility.”
Nurse: “How do you prefer to be called?”
Interlocutor: “Mr. Edmond, is fine.”
Nurse: “Thanks for coming to see me now, Mr Edmond. I understand that you are here to talk about your sleep apnea.”
Interlocutor: “Yes, I’m very confused about my condition and I don’t know what to do now.”
Nurse “That okay, Mr. Edmond! If I have guessed correctly from my own experience, I can understand why you feel that way, and it can be overwhelming, right?. Before I take you through the treatment options, I’d like to ask you some questions about your condition. Is that alright?”
Nurse “Can you tell me, what type of health problems you’ve been having?”
Interlocutor: “I had a car accident six months ago and injured my nose.”
Nurse: “Uh huh. Please tell me more about it.”
Interlocutor: “According to my wife, after that I’ve started sleeping just like my father.”
Nurse: “You said you were sleeping just like my father. What did you mean by that?”
Interlocutor: “My father was a big snorer.”
Nurse: “I see.”
Interlocutor: “All I know is that I’m very exhausted when I wake up in the morning.”
Nurse: “To go over what you have told me, your nose was injured in a car accident six months ago. Since then, you have been snoring while sleeping and wake up exhausted in the morning. Is that an accurate summary?”
Interlocutor: “Yes, it is.”
Nurse “Okay, here’s what I’m going to do. First, I’ll explain about sleep apnea and why it can be a serious problem; then, we can discuss how to manage the condition. But, prior to that I would like to know, how much you know about sleep apnea?”
Interlocutor : “I think, it is the medical term for snoring during sleep.”
Nurse: “Well, actually, sleep apnea is quite different from snoring. It is caused when your throat closes for short periods during sleep, which closes the upper airway, here, and as a result, your breathing stops. After a short break, your brain realizes that breathing has stopped and triggers the breathing to start again. This can sound like snoring.”
Interlocutor “So you’re saying that I stop breathing at night?”
Nurse “Yes, that’s right. In most cases, the person who has this condition doesn’t even realize this and always feels exhausted after waking up.”
Interlocutor “I see. I thought it was due to ageing.”
Nurse: “No, it isn’t. The most important thing to remember about sleep apnea is that it is not just a type of snoring that happens during your sleep. Without proper management, it can be a very serious condition. People with severe sleep apnea have an increased risk of high blood pressure, stroke, heart failure and heart attacks.”
Interlocutor “Oh my God! That sounds very serious.”
Nurse: “I can see it’s a bit of a shock for you but believe me, it is easily manageable if you are ready to take some pain. I really mean that there are some treatment options which will help you manage the condition.”
Interlocutor: “Treatment like medication?”
Nurse “Actually, it doesn’t involve medication. I am going to divide this talk into two parts. I’d like to start by explaining about a device you can use at night to breathe more easily during sleep. Following that I’ll talk about some indispensable lifestyle changes which can definitely improve your condition. Is that okay?”
Interlocutor: “Okay. Is it the special mask that the doctor mentioned earlier?”
Nurse: “Yes, it is. It’s known as CPAP mask. CPAP means Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. The mask looks very similar to the normal oxygen mask; but, it works in entirely a different way. It continuously blows gentle, pressurized air through your airway and the increased air pressure prevents the airway from collapsing when you breathe. Thus, it avoids the situation that causes you to stop breathing.”
Interlocutor: “How do I use it? When should I wear it?”
Nurse: “You put on the mask in the same way as an ordinary oxygen mask and it’s only needed at night to make sure that you get a good night’s sleep.”
Interlocutor: “Oh, that seems easy enough.”
Nurse “Can you tell me about how often do you have alcohol?”
Interlocutor: “To be honest, I am afraid it’s probably a bit too much after the accident.”
Nurse: “I must say that your alcohol consumption can deteriorate your condition. How would you feel about limiting your alcohol intake step by step to a bare minimum?”
Interlocutor: “Yeah, I can try to cut down.”
Nurse: “It’s great that you are willing to consider cutting down your alcohol intake. Gradually, you might find it’s a lot easier to manage. Before you go, I just would like to make sure that we have discussed about CPAP mask properly. Would you mind describing the CPAP mask to ensure that you’ve a clear understanding about it?”
Interlocutor: “It’s a mask that looks like oxygen mask, but instead of oxygen, it supplies pressure into my throat to prevent airways from collapsing and avoids breathing to stop. I’ve to wear it only at night.”
Nurse: “Thank you for your comprehension. I’m glad that I was able to help today. Is there any questions that you would like to ask about what we’ve discussed?”
Interlocutor: “No, there isn’t any.”
Nurse: “Well, it was great meeting you Please, call the hospital if you have any questions.”
Read the case notes and complete the writing task which follows.
- Name of the Patient: Melisa Tan
- Age: 75 years old.
- Telephone number: +61 34974 5659
- Discharge Date: Discharged from the hospital on the 20th of April, 2018.
- Patient requested for home care services.
- Lives alone, No Children
- Her neighbor, Mona, visits her house once in a week.
- Brother lives in London with family, two children.
- Sister lives in Texas, High School teacher, divorced.
Hx / Diagnosis:
- Bilateral lower extremity edema, cellulitis of lower extremities, Renal insufficiency, Hypercholesterolemia and obesity, Incontinence of bladder & bowel at times, HTN, Venous stasis
- Ambulates and transfers independently with walker.
- Due to her weakness and limited physical abilities, personal care is recommended.
Using the information in the case notes, write a letter to German Caroline. “Choice Home Care Agency”, Leichhardt NSW, Australia, making a request for the agency to provide health care services to the patient.
In your answer:
- Expand the relevant notes into complete sentences
- Do not use note form
- Use letter format
- The body of the letter should be approximately 180-200 words.
The 7 Questions!
You need to develop skills to convert broken words into meaningful sentences:
Now let’s expand simple notes to complete sentences. It is like adding flesh, blood and skin to a skeleton, that is, you have to add many words to the given 2 or three words.
- Lives alone → Mr Peter lives alone.
- Can walk → He can walk.
- Needs assistance → However, he needs assistance with walking.
- Dressing done → His dressing is done.
- No Children → Mr Peter has no children.
- Brother lives in London with family, two children → He has a brother who lives in London with two children.
- Her neighbor, Mona, visits her house once in a week → Mona, her neighbor, visits her house once in a week.
- Incontinence of bladder & bowel at times → She also suffers from incontinence of bladder and bowel at times.
- Husband works in factory: setting up small import business → Her husband works in a factory and is setting up a small import business simultaneously.
- Said English at night school → She said that she learns English at a night school.
- Children (boy 13, boy 11, girl 7) all at school; working hard to adjust → With three school-going children between 7 and 13, she finds it hard to adjust.
- Strong family commitment to school/work/study/business → (In spite of all this) She maintains very strong family commitment with school, work, study and business.
- After operation, hard to manage new baby → After this operation, she finds it hard to manage the new baby.
- No other family in Australia → It is worth considering that he has no other family in Australia.
Commence is probably one of the most mistaken word in OET.
The right expressions are:
- She commenced on Aspirin
- She has commenced on Aspirin
- Her treatment commenced with intravenous therapy
- Her treatment has commenced with intravenous fluids…
The wrong expressions are:
- She was commenced on oxygen therapy.
- She has been commenced on physiotherapy.
- He has been commenced on Aspirin and Warfarin as required.
A recent study, reported on by Medical News Today, found that the faster a person walks, the longer they may live, with older adults benefitting the most from a brisk pace. Medical professionals have long used gait speed as a marker of health and fitness among older adults, but the new research asks a slightly different question: Does a slow gait speed in midlife indicate and predict accelerated aging?
Write a simple story with the following starting:
Starting – “When Nr Laksmi reached the railway station, it was past 9.00 pm. Her train would take 10 more minutes to depart the platform. Running into the coach and finding her seat number 12, she began to suspect if she would reach Ms Alfia’s residence in time.”
Meaning: (of something unpleasant or severe) become less intense or widespread.
MedSample: “Ms Stella’s bleeding suddenly abated.”
Meaning: The practice of restraining (not doing) oneself from indulging in something, typically alcohol or sex.
Example: “I started drinking again after six years of abstinence”
Example: “Postoperatively he was making progress, albeit (though) rather slowly”
Meaning: A portion of a larger whole, especially a sample taken for chemical analysis or other treatment.
Example: “An aliquot was examined daily for the appearance of cholesterol monohydrate crystals.”
Meaning: Make (something that is already bad or unsatisfactory) better.
Await / Wait