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IELTS / PTE Vocabulary

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IELTS / PTE Vocabulary

The best collection of words that add luster to your IELTS and PTE writing tasks.

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      When it comes to writing tasks, you have no escape. You should know these words.

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      Abase
      Family – Verb
      Meaning – Humiliate /abasement/
      Synonym – Disgrace; Humble
      Antonym – Exalt; Uplift; Honor

      Abash
      Meaning – Confuse
      Synonyms – Confound; Feel or make someone feel ashamed;  Amaze, Astonish, Dumbfound, Stagger, Surprise, Startle, Stun, stupefy, daze, nonplus;
      Antonyms – Encourage; Cheer

      Abundant
      Meaning – Available in large quantity
      Synonym –  Plentiful, copious, ample, profuse, rich, lavish, liberal, generous, bountiful.
      Antonyms – Scarce,  Short, Scant, scanty, meager, sparse,.

      Abduct
      Meaning – Take away to an undisclosed location against their will /Abduction/

      Abate
      Synonyms – Lessen; diminish; reduce; Decline
      Antonyms – Raise; Rise; Increase

      Abet
      Synonyms – Help; Assist; Encourage
      Antonyms – Discourage; Hinder; Block

      Abhor / Verb
      Meaning – Hate; loathe
      Synonyms –

      Abject / Adjective
      Synonyms – Self-degraded; Mean; Groveling; Wretched; Miserable; Of the most contemptible kind
      Antonym – Proud.

      Agnostic /Adjective
      Meaning – A person who believes that nothing can be learnt about God.
      No > G – Knowledge > No knowledge possible
      Example –

      Ambivalent /Adjective
      Meaning – Having mixed feelings, conflicting
      Bi > two > Mixed
      Example –

      Aviary
      Meaning – A place to keep birds

      Apiary
      Meaning – A place where bees are kept.

      Abjure
      Meaning – Formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief.
      Example – “After the Kathua rape-case, Mr. Sidharth abjured his support for the party.

      Accolade
      Meaning – A tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction; Award.
      Col > Collar > Neck > A medal of gold put around one’s neck > a medal > an award
      Examples
      After the World War, Gneral Common won a number of accolades.
      I don’t deserve this honor so I denounce my _____.

      Accomplice
      Meaning – A person who joins with another in carrying out a crime / plan.
      Acc – Accompany to > com – complete a > pl – plan
      Examples
      Griffin took Mr. Marvel as an accomplice.
      One of the most important qualities of an accomplice is ________.
      I thought he would stand with me ______ but he was too _____.

      Acumen /Noun
      Meaning – Shrewdness shown by keen insight; the ability to make good judgements and take quick decisions.
      Examples
      She responded to the interviewer with great precision and acumen.

      Admonish
      Family – Verb
      Meaning – Scold or reprimand; take to task
      Examples
      Parents have to admonish their kids in time to make them good human beings.

      Agile > Agility
      Family – Adjective > Noun
      Meaning – Moving quickly and lightly.

      Altruism > Altruist
      Meaning – Disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others.

      Ambiguous > Ambiguity
      Family – Adjective > Ambiguity
      Meaning – Having confusing meanings

      Ameliorate
      Meaning – To make better

      Amiable
      Meaning – Diffusing warmth and friendliness

      Amity
      Meaning – A state of friendship and cordiality

      Antebellum / Noun
      Meaning – Belonging to a period before a war.
      Ante – Before > Bellum – War

      Apathy
      Absence of emotions

      Apprise
      Inform somebody of something

      Arrogant

      Ascetic

      Audacity

      Backtrack – Retrace one’s course

      Bellicose – having or showing a ready disposition to fight

      Bleak – unpleasantly cold and damp

      Blend – mix together different elements

      Bowdlerize – edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

      Chastise – censure severely

      Choleric

      Circumlocution – an indirect way of expressing something

      Clandestine – conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

      Clemency – leniency and compassion shown toward offenders

      Composure – steadiness of mind under stress

      Condescension

      Conspicuous – obvious to the eye or mind

      Constrained

      Consanguinity

      Meaning – Relation by blood.

      Sanguine – Blood-red

      Contemporary

      Corpulent

      Conservative

      Dainty – something considered choice to eat

      Debacle – A sudden and violent collapse

      Demur – politely refuse or take exception to

      Despondent

      Deride

      Verb
      Meaning – Make fun of or insult
      rid – Ridiculous > Insult
      Example – Do not deride anyone because he cannot afford to buy what you are able to buy.

      Destitute – poor enough to need help from others

      Diabolical – Showing cunning or ingenuity or wickedness

      Dilemma – state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

      Diligent

      Discernment

      Discrete – constituting a separate entity or part

      Disdain – lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

      Disingenuous – Not straightforward or candid

      Disparaged

      Domicile – The country that a person treats as their permanent home, or lives in and has a substantial connection with.

      Edgy – Being in a tense state

      Efface – remove by or as if by rubbing or erasing

      Emaciated

      Embargo – a government order imposing a trade barrier

      Empathise – be understanding of

      Empathy – Feeling pity for someone else when you place yourself in his place.

      Enigmatic > Enigma

      Adjective
      Meaning – Difficult to interpret or understand; mysterious
      Ni – No > G – Know > No knowledge
      Example –
      Ephemeral
      Adjective
      Meaning – Momentary, passing
      Ephemero > lasting one day
      Example – “Life is a string of several ephemeral events.”
      Euphoric
      Adjective
      Meaning – Intense excitement and happiness
      Example

      Encumbrance – an onerous or difficult concern

      Entail – Eave as a logical consequence

      Evacuation – the act of leaving a dangerous place in an orderly fashion

      Evident – clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

      Ewe – Female sheep

      Excerpt – a passage selected from a larger work

      Exorbitant – greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

      Exultation – the utterance of sounds expressing great joy

      Fastidious

      Adjective
      Meaning – Very careful and attentive; pedantic
      Example –
      Synonyms – Scrupulous, Punctilious, Painstaking, Meticulous, Assiduous, Sedulous, Perfectionist, Fussy, Finicky, Dainty, Over-particular; Critical, Pedantic, precise.

      Fiasco – a complete failure or collapse

      Flaccid – Drooping without elasticity

      Flimsy – a thin strong lightweight translucent paper

      Foe – an armed adversary

      Forthwith – without delay or hesitation; with no time intervening

      Fortitude – strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity

      Garulous

      Gregarious

      Grisly – shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

      Grubby – Thickly covered with ingrained dirt or soot

      H

      Hapless – unfortunate and deserving pity
      Havoc – violent and needless disturbance
      Heartfelt – earnest
      Honorary – Given as an award without the normal duties
      Hypochondriac

      Heresy – Belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious (especially Christian) doctrine.

      I

      Iffy – Subject to accident or chance or change
      Ignominious
      Importune – beg persistently and urgently
      Inchoate
      Adjective
      Meaning – Undeveloped, beginning
      Example
      Importune – beg persistently and urgently
      Insidious – Working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way
      Interdict – command against
      Intrepid – invulnerable to fear or intimidation
      Intrigue – a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends

      J

      Jaded – exhausted
      Jeopardy – a source of danger
      Jubilant – full of high-spirited delight

      K

      Keen – intense or sharp
      Knuckle – a joint of a finger when the fist is closed

      L

      Lethargic
      Adjective
      Meaning – Lazy, sluggish
      Example
      Lionized
      Lithe

      M

      Manifest – Clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
      Masticate – Bite and grind with the teeth
      Mendicant – a pauper who lives by begging
      Meticulous
      Misanthrope
      Mull – reflect deeply on a subject.
      Masquerade – A false show or pretense.

      N

      Nepotism

      Favoring one’s own dear and near ones.

      O

      Oar – An implement used to propel or steer a boat
      Obsolete
      Obstinate
      Ostentation – Pretentious or showy or vulgar display
      Oleo-graph
      Meaning – Print textured to resemble an oil painting.

      P

      Painstaking
      Pantheist – One who believes that god is everything and everything is God.
      Paradox – a statement that contradicts itself
      Pariah
      Pauper – a person who is very poor
      Pilfer – make off with belongings of others
      Pinnacle – a slender upright spire at the top of a buttress of tower
      Pique – A sudden outburst of anger
      Plagiarism
      Meaning – Stealing from someone’s written work.
      Pragmatism
      Precorious
      Philistine
      Meaning – One who is hostile or indifferent to culture and art forms.
      Pusillanimous – ˌpjuːsɪˈlanɪməs
      Adjective
      Meaning  – Lacking courage, fearful
      Sil > Silly
      Example –
      Pedant > pedantic
      Noun
      Meaning – A person who overemphasizes rules or minor details.
      n – no > t – transgression
      Example – My grammar teacher Ms Jones is highly pedantic that I feel like I know nothing of grammar.
      Profound
      Adjective for a state, quality, emotion.
      Meaning – Very great or intense; thoughtful
      und > under > deep
      Example – She had profound love for her nation.
      Pantechnicon – A large van for transporting furniture.
      Preeminent
      Prodigal
      Prodigy
      Punctilious

      Q

      Querolous – Complaining in a weak high voice

      R

      Redundant – more than is needed, desired, or required
      Relinquish – turn away from; give up
      Ruthless – without mercy or pity

      S

      Sap – a watery solution in the vascular system of a plant
      Silo – a cylindrical tower used for storing silage
      Siphon – A tube used to move liquid from one vessel to another
      Sordid – foul and run-down and repulsive
      Sporadic – recurring in scattered or unpredictable instances
      Superfluous
      Adjective
      Meaning – Extra or more than necessary
      uper > upper > above the normal level
      Example – The professor gave a long, superfluous lecture on gender inequality that made everyone feel sleepy. It was such an insipid (tasteless) lecture!
      Sympathy

      Swat -Hit or slap with a flat object

      Somnambulism > somnabulist
      Meaning – Walking in sleep

      T

      Tacitum
      Tarry – leave slowly and hesitantly
      Taxonomy – A classification of organisms based on similarities
      Tractable
      Trepidation
      Tyro

      U

      Unruly
      Usurer – A person who lends money at unreasonably high rates of interest.

      V

      Voluble
      Vacillate
      Verb
      Meaning – Go back and forth or be indecisive
      ?
      Example – “I have been vacillating about marrying or not marrying.”
      Vindictive
      Meaning – One who is determined to exact full vengeance for wrong done to him.
      Virulent

      W

      Winch – Lifting device consisting of a horizontal cylinder turned by a crank on which a cable or rope winds
      Woe – misery resulting from affliction

      Y

      Yuppie – a young upwardly mobile professional individual

      Z

      Zenith – the point above the observer directly opposite the nadir

      100 Words that you cannot Miss

      Movements

      Animal Movements

      Beer – Lumbers
      Beetle – Crawls
      Bee – Ranges
      Cat – Steals
      Duck – Waddles
      Eagle – Swoops
      Elephant – Ambles
      Frog – Leaps
      Lamb – Frisks
      Pig – Trots
      Mouse – Scampers
      Lark – Soars
      Hyena – Prowls
      Seagull – Glides
      Chicken – Struts
      Monkey – Climbs
      Lion – Prowls
      Pigeon – Flutters
      Crow – Flaps
      Goose – Waddles
      Deer – Bounces
      Snake – Slithers
      Woodpecker – Climbs
      Cow – Wanders
      Owl – Flits
      Wolf – Lopes
      Serpent – Glides
      Beetle – Crawls
      Wren – Hopes
      Sheep – Frisks

      Body Movements

      Amble
      Balance
      Bend
      Burst
      Carve
      Chop
      Climb
      Close
      Crab walk
      Crawl
      Creep
      Dash
      Dig
      Dodge
      Drive
      Duck
      Fall
      Flap
      Flick
      Flip
      Float
      Fly
      Freeze
      Gallop
      Glide
      Grab
      Grow
      Hang
      Hit
      Hop
      Hug
      Jab
      Jog
      Jump
      Kick
      Leap
      March
      Meander
      Melt
      Mold
      Move
      Open
      Pluck
      Poke
      Polka
      Pose
      Prance
      Pull
      Punch
      Push
      Rise
      Rock
      Roll
      Rub
      Run
      Scamper
      Scoot
      Shake
      Shake
      Shove
      Shrug
      Shuffle
      Sink
      Skate
      Skip
      Slide
      Slither
      Snake
      Spin
      Step
      Step hop
      Stomp
      Straighten
      Stretch
      Strike
      Stroll
      Sway
      Swing
      Tap
      Tickle
      Tiptoe
      Trip
      Tumble
      Turn
      Twist
      Two-step
      Waddle
      Walk
      Waltz
      Waltz run
      Wave
      Wiggle
      Wrap
      Wriggle
      Wring
      Zigzag

      Ists & ic

      Anachronistic
      Anarchist
      Conventionalist
      Egotist
      Etymologist
      Hedonist
      Hedonist
      Masochist
      Materialist
      Misogynist
      Nihilist
      Opportunist
      Optimist
      Pacifist
      Perfectionist
      Pessimist
      Philanthropist
      Philatelist
      Phlegmatic
      Pseodologist
      Recidivist
      Sadist
      Sensualist
      Stoic
      a person who can endure pain or hardship without showing their feelings or complaining.

      Similar Words – Synonyms

      Magnificence

      Splendor
      Resplendence
      Grandeur
      Greatness
      Impressiveness
      Glory
      Majesty
      Nobility
      Pomp
      Stateliness
      Sumptuousness
      Opulence
      Lavishness,
      Richness,
      Brilliance,
      Radiance,
      Dazzle,
      Beauty,
      Elegance,
      Distinction,
      Pageantry,
      Splendidness,
      éclat,

      Crazy

      Mad,
      Insane,
      Out of one’s mind,
      Deranged,
      Demented,
      Not in one’s right mind,
      Lunatic,
      Unbalanced,
      Unhinged,
      Unstable,
      Disturbed,
      Distracted,
      Mad as a hatter,
      mad as a March hare,
      Stark mad.

      Negative Feelings

      Pessimistic
      Angry
      Defeated
      Bewildered
      Emarrassed
      Flushed, Shy
      Jealous, envious
      Itchy
      Grumpy
      Fierce, angry, nervous, obnoxious, repulsive

      Appearance

      Clumsy
      Shabby

      Time

      Ancient
      Early
      Modern
      Brief
      Fast
      Slow
      Late
      Long
      Short
      Old

      In the ancient times, people used to get up very ____, had ____ breaks for entertainment but now in the modern times, people are very ____ because they wake up ____ after ____ hours of ____ sleep.

      Size

      Small, Little, petite, meager, tiny, mini
      Big, Large, Gigantic, Colossal, Massive, Huge
      Fat, obese, fleshy, fluffy
      Great, renowned, famous, elite, giant,
      Immense, endless, vast, enormous, extensive, expansive, monumental, towering, mountainous, tremendous, substantial.
      Giant, elephantine, monstrous, mammoth, king-size, mega, monstrous, whopping, hulking,

      Shape

      Broad
      Chubby
      Crooked
      Curved
      Deep
      Flat
      High
      Hollow
      Low
      Narrow

      Taste

      Bitter
      Sweet
      Fresh
      Delicious
      Greasy
      Sour
      Juicy
      Hot
      Icy
      Nutritious
      Spicy.

      The TOUGH

      Laconic – A brief and to the point; effectively cut short.
      Insipid – Lacking taste or flavor; Tasteless.
      Pragmatic – Concerned with practical matters.
      Iconoclast – Someone who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions Irrespective of his actuating motives.
      Arduous – Difficult to accomplish, hard to endure.

      Since he was 40, Mr. Ramesh showed signs of untimely ageing. Suddenly his ____ behavior changed and he was no more ____. When he lectured on at Cambridge, he spoke for hours until his students considered his lectures ____ and boring. He was once an icon but he became his own ____. All his _____ work to rise to the most admired professor at Cambridge thus came to naught.

      Profligate – Recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources.
      Prosaic – Not challenging; dull and lacking excitement
      Ameliorate – Make, become better. Increase in penalties and effective
      Obsequious (adj.) – obedient or attentive to an excessive degree
      Capricious (adj.) – Given to sudden behavior change

      Fortuitous (adj.) – happening by accident or chance.
      Orthodox (adj.) – Conforming to all the traditional beliefs, and religious practices.
      Alacrity (noun) – lively and cheerful readiness
      Pellucid (adj.) – translucently clear
      Corroborate (v.) – confirm or give support to

      Magnanimous (adj.) – very generous or forgiving
      Scrupulous (adj.) – Diligent, thorough, and extremely careful.
      Prolific (adj.) – fruitful, present in large number
      Dogmatic (adj.) – Dictatorial, opinionated
      Placate (v.) – Make (someone) less angry or hostile.

      Mercurial (adj.) – subject to sudden or unpredictable changes of mood, temperamental. Capricious.
      Exacerbate (v.) – Infuriate, make worse. Placate.
      Redundant (adj.) – Superfluous
      Hackneyed (adj.) – Unoriginal. Trite
      Prudent (adj.) – Acting with or showing care (for decisions) and thought.

      Belie (v.) – Fail to convince. Disguise or contradict.The professor belied to impress the students because ____.
      Esoteric (adj.) – Mysterious, obscure.Whatever the professor lectured that day was not very clear to the students because his subject was ____.
      Cacophony (noun) – a harsh, discordant mixture of sounds.Moreover, due to his sour throat, the Professor’s voice was ____.
      Impetuous (adj.) – acting or done quickly and without thought or care.Seeing that his students were not listening, the Professor burst into an ____ roar.
      Idiosyncrasy (noun) – a way of thought peculiar to an individual.

      Extant (adj.) – in existence; surviving
      Obscure (adj.) – not discovered or known about; uncertain
      Didactic (adj.) – intended to teach, educational
      Pithy (adj.) – brief, to the point
      Copious (adj.) – abundant in supply or quantity

      Ostentation (adj.) – pretentious and vulgar display intended to impress, show off The movie celebrity is not having a good day because he got another ticket for speeding only two over and driving ostentatiously in his new, cherry-red sports car.
      Adulterate (verb) alter or debase, often for profit Of all teas, I love green tea the most and would never adulterate it with sweeteners; even a pitch of sugar would be a desecration.
      Vociferous (adj.) – loud and clamorous The protesters were vociferous in their demands as they screamed outside of the mayor’s house.
      Taciturn (adj.) – reserved or uncommunicative in speech Over the past 50 years, as a recruiter, Yuri has come across different types of candidates, some of them speak a lot while some stay taciturn.
      Obdurate (adj.) – refuse to change one’s opinion; stubborn The teacher couldn’t stand the obdurate student as he yelled at anyone who dared to disagree with his opinions during the debate.
      Garrulous (adj.) – excessively talkative Though not garrulous by nature, Ryan seems to be comfortable with the diverse audiences at the education conference and managed to have conversations with several of them.
      Misanthrope (noun) – person who hates others People thought the old woman was a misanthrope since she wouldn’t talk to any of her neighbors let alone help them but they realized how much she loved them when she put a huge bag of candy out at Halloween.
      Lionize (verb) – treat someone as a celebrity The retired lieutenant is being lionized as a paragon of integrity for standing up against corruption.
      Imminent (adj.) – about to happen Some people thought it was outrageous when the media predicted the imminent death of the drug-addicted actress.
      Frivolous (adj) – trivial, silly Ram was passionate and serious about collecting coins but his friends thought it was a frivolous activity.
      Benign (adj.) – gentle, kindly Even though the advertisements claim the energy drink is benign, customers may experience some unwanted side effects after consuming.
      Dissonance (noun) – lack of harmony, disagreement There is a great deal of dissonance between the conflicting evidences produced by both the parties and hence the judge had to close the case on account of lack of sufficient evidence.
      Inculpate (verb) – accuse or blame Although the killer successfully disposed of the murder weapon, his friends provided evidence that could actually inculpate both the killer and the people who tried to cover up the killing.
      Docile (adj.) – compliant, submissive Although a trained lion appears docile during the circus acts, it is really a fierce animal when not controlled by a trainer.
      Sporadic (adj.) – occurring at irregular intervals; scattered or isolated The doctors are finding it difficult to identify the cause of Tom’s heartaches because of his sporadic heartbeat.
      Prevaricate (verb) – deceive; stretch the truth Aria does not take bad news well and hence her brother always prevaricates when telling her something she does not want to hear.
      Chicanery (noun) – deception, trickery The judge has plenty of reason to suspect chicanery because the lawyer has a reputation of aggressively defending his clients and of getting verdicts of innocence on guilty Policemen.
      Gainsay (verb) – deny or contradict Some of the officers were about to reject the project, but it had come from them, they could not well gainsay it.
      Eulogy (noun) – praise, exclamation Public officials and her friends joined in a chorus of eulogy and remembrances for many days afterward as Michelle signs on the human rights doctrine.
      Belligerent (adj.) – hostile and aggressive Russia’s public statement has been belligerent, menacing military action against the United States.
      Dispassionate (adj.) – unfeeling, impartial The heart of the ruthless monarch seems dispassionate to the plight of those people suffering in his kingdom.
      Providential (adj.) – lucky, occurring at a favorable time; opportune Sam’s dangerous and providential escape, made her tremble; and so pale did he still look, that she could scarcely believe he was uninjured.
      Diffidence (noun) – hesitancy; lack of confidence A lot of sportsmen attain prominence before they know what to do with it; others put across a diffidence to fame while secretly craving it; and some just don’t treasure their moments in the spotlight.
      Fractious (adj.) – irritable and quarrelsome Third world powers are hesitant about sending arms to aid the war, partially due to the fractious politics of the hostile political group abroad.
      Malign (adj.) – hurtful, injurious Often, people suffering psychological disorders are considered by their families to be under the influence of malign spirits, or showing sign of a physical confliction.
      Disparate (adj.) – essentially different in kind, not allowing comparison Chief Puritan and songwriter James Rhodes has led his band through six very disparate albums united by their subtle indifference for listener accessibility.
      Plausible (adj.) – seeming reasonable or probable Astronomers received data from the unexplored planet which indicates that the possibility of life, at least in the ancient past, is at least plausible.
      Sanguine (adj.) – optimistic or positive Among those who remain sanguine about the nation’s economic revival, there is always the lively topic of tax reduction policies, the remedy to deflationary recession in the United States.
      Venerate (v.) – regard with great respect In a nod to the religious customs of the Vatican, which popes here venerate, there are plans for a cathedral between the St. Peter’s Square and Mount Street.
      Trite (adj.) silly, commonplace Of these athletes, only Mr. Johnson delivered movements with any firmness; and even he was moving with such a professional awe that rendered everything trite.
      Succinct (adj.) brief, to the point Perhaps the most succinct equations of wave theory come closest in mathematics to defining probability, but chemistry can fairly lay claim to these equations.
      Ingenious (adj.) – clever, original, and inventive No matter how ingenious a thesis or an analysis may be, it will be quickly invalidated if appropriate field experts haven’t been engaged in the process for feedback.
      Meticulous (adj.) – very careful and precise Queen Cleopatra did beautiful architectural drawings on monuments built around the pyramids, the result of years of obsessive and meticulous hard work by numerous artists and builders.
      Erudite (adj.) – well-educated, cultured Consuming the books her father supplied, Miss. Jane, who grew up in near poverty, became an erudite, self-educated woman and loves sharing her knowledge with others.
      Bolster (v.) – support or strengthen Students having trouble paying college tuition fee may be relieved to hear that the Academic Council has launched new policies that will bolster borrower protections for student education loans.
      Anachronism (noun) – error in time placement With the rate of economic growth in the western countries at its lowest rate in nearly a century, the power wielded by the United Nations can seem like an anachronism.
      Trivial (adj.) – of little value or importance Evidently, $10 was a trivial amount for the wealthy business man, but no one wants to be embarrassed in front of his or her fellow associates.
      Advocate (noun) – person supporting an idea or cause publicly Mr. Sam who is a leading GRE test prep expert advocates strong basics and ample practice to be the key to succeed on the exam.
      Conspicuous (adj.) – obvious, easily seen Taxes on the corporates encourage investment and growth, instead of conspicuous consumption. The rich will always be wealthy. It’s the middle class that needs help.
      Innocuous (adj.) – harmless and inoffensive Companies that track their visitor’s online behavior have long claimed that the data they collect is anonymous, and therefore innocuous. But the interpretation of the word “anonymous” has changed over time in the online world.
      Audacious (adj.) – reckless, daring Jim is known for his adventurous style and audacious nature for when he is inside the ring, his audiences would jump off their seats to watch him play with the lion.
      Tumultuous (adj.) – confused, or disorderly During the recent riots, the crowd was tumultuous and went berserk as the police arrest their leader, washing away all that impeded it.
      Reticent (adj.) – secretive, quiet The usually reticent Swiss bank acknowledged the policy quandary at an International Monetary Fund meeting in New York this month.
      Fervid (adj.) – intensely enthusiastic or passionate During political debates, the candidates hurl fervid accusations at each other while justifying their positions on national issues.
      Enervate (verb) – weaken, wear out The blazing heat in mid-June caused dehydration and enervated the shipwrecked crew, leaving them almost too weak to hail the passing vessel. Prodigal (adj.) – wastefully extravagant Scott had been prodigal of all his energy, money and resources and innovative stratagems and loving kindness.
      Auspicious (adj.) – conducive to success; favorable The Australian skipper considered the sunny forecast to be an auspicious sign that his team would win tomorrow’s cricket match.
      Soporific (adj.) – tending to induce drowsiness or sleep The reality shows aired on TV tend towards the soporific; by contrast, the coverage of soccer game in newspapers is more fun because the pictures counted for everything.
      Engender (verb) – cause or give rise to The new technology has engendered great hope for the potential development of preventive methods for lethal genetic and severe chronic diseases such as glaucoma and cancer.
      Loquacious (adj.) – tending to talk a great deal; talkative Julie and Katie were not being loquacious with the other guests because they were too busy making long conversations with their other friends.
      Equivocate (verb) – to avoid giving a clear or direct answer to a question When I asked Rachel if the suit looks good on me, she equivocated a response, avoiding the question by saying she needed it to be somewhere else.
      Inimical (adj.) – tending to obstruct or harm Though Sarah’s husband is an inimical person who often beats her for trivial reasons, she has always tried to be nice to him.
      Recalcitrant /rɪˈkalsɪtr(ə)nt/
      Adjective
      Meaning – Disobedient, uncontrollable
      Example – Recalcitrant politicians, in interviews on TV and newspaper, raised their concerns over the party’s national policies publicly and were consequently punished for their disobedience.

      Biju John

      Love for English begins with understanding its unknown rules. Biju John lives on the internet, teaching OET, IELTS and PTE. More than a million students have thanked him from their heart.

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