If you are already pretty good at Reading, do Task 1, 4 and Task 5, or else, complete all the tasks:
Today we will look at the “elimination” method in Part B Reading.
1. Sample – Part B, Text 1/6
Auscultatory or oscillometric semiautomatic or automatic sphygmomanometers are the preferred method for measuring BP in the doctor’s office. These devices should be validated according to standardized conditions and protocols. BP should initially be measured in both upper arms, using an appropriate cuff size for the arm circumference. A consistent and significant SBP difference between arms (i.e. >15 mmHg) is associated with an increased CV risk, most likely due to atheromatous vascular disease. Where there is a difference in BP between arms, ideally established by simultaneous measurement, the arm with the higher BP values should be used for all subsequent measurements.
2. “Melon” Reading
The next mental activity needed is sorting out the sentences by their content – Melon.
Find out the “Melon” topics from the text:
- Aspirin is an internal analgesic available in over-the-counter (OTC) medicines that temporarily relieve minor aches and pains and reduce fevers.
- Aspirin is also available in prescription medicines in combination with other ingredients.
- It is part of a group of pain relievers and fever reducers called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
- Aspirin can be found in single-ingredient oral pain relievers and fever reducers or in medicines that contain more than one active ingredient to treat migraines.
- It is also available in medicines that treat symptoms such as heartburn and upset stomach, occasional sleeplessness, migraines, or the multiple symptoms of the common cold.
- Do not use if:
- You are allergic to aspirin or any other pain reliever or fever reducer.
- You are a woman in the last three months of pregnancy unless your healthcare provider specifically tells you to. Problems in the unborn child or complications during delivery may occur.
- Tamper-evident packaging features such as seals, locks, and films are not clear or seem broken.
- Do not give aspirin to a child or teenager who has or is recovering from the chicken pox or flu, because a rare but serious illness called Reye’s syndrome is reported to be associated with aspirin.
3. Words & Meaning – Lexicon
Before you find out the correct answer, it is mandatory to check if you are familiar with the following terms. Usually this should happen in a flash of a few seconds:
- Internal analgesic
- Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines
- Aches and pains
- Prescription medicines
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
- Single-ingredient oral pain relievers
- Upset stomach
- May occur.
- Tamper-evident packaging features (seals, locks, and films)
- the chicken pox
- Reye’s Syndrome
Below is the question for the text.
Using the arm with the higher BP values for subsequent measurements would:
- determine one’s cardiovascular risks
- determine risks associated with atheromatous vascular disease
- Consistency of the SBP values of the upper arms.