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OET Reading 6 – The N Method

By N Method, you will look for another kind of information in a reading text – the negative information.

What is Negative Information?

  • Any information that M does not contain.
  • Any information that E does not contain.
  • Any information that is not against M or E.
  • Any information that supports O.

Kinds of Negative Information

Negative information have degrees – mildly negative, moderately negative, extremely negative and completely negative. Your skill to identify (sort) the degrees helps you pick the correct choices and answers.

Step 1 – Read the Text

The manual states that the wheelchair should not be used:

  1. Inside buildings.
  2. Without supervision
  3. On any uneven surfaces.
Manual extract: Kuschall ultra-light wheelchair

Intended use

The active wheelchair is propelled manually and should only be used for independent or assisted transport of a disabled patient with mobility difficulties. In the absence of an assistant, it should only be operated by patients who are physically and mentally able to do so safely (e.g., to propel themselves, steer, brake, etc.). Even where restricted to indoor use, the wheelchair is only suitable for use on level ground and accessible terrain. This active wheelchair needs to be prescribed and fit to the individual patient’s specific health condition. Any other or incorrect use could lead hazardous situations to arise.

Did you identify the Negative Information here?

The active wheelchair is propelled manually…

  • This means, the active wheelchair is NOT propelled automatically.

Should only be used for:

  • Independent transport of a disabled patient with mobility difficulties;
  • Assisted transport of a disabled patient with mobility difficulties.

Thus, negative information is all about what is NOT.

Below let’s see the Yes and Nos about the text above:

Yes (Positive) No (Negative)
  1. The active wheelchair is propelled manually.
  2. Should only be used for independent or assisted transport of a disabled patient with mobility difficulties.
  3. In the absence of an assistant, it should only be operated by patients who are physically and mentally able to do so safely
  4. Suitable for use on level ground and accessible terrain.
  5. This active wheelchair needs to be prescribed and fit to the individual patient’s specific health condition.
  1. The active wheelchair is NOT propelled automatically.
  2. Should NOT be used for dependent or unassisted transport of a disabled patient with mobility difficulties.
  3. In the absence of an assistant, it should NOT only be operated by patients who are not physically and mentally able to do so safely.
  4. Even where restricted to indoor use, the wheelchair is NOT suitable for use on uneven ground.
  5. This active wheelchair needn’t to be prescribed and fit to the individual patient’s specific health condition.
  6. Any other or incorrect use could lead hazardous situations to arise.

Now, look at the choices:

  1. The wheelchair should not be used inside buildings – Incorrect.
  2. The wheelchair should not be used without supervision – Incorrect.
  3. The wheelchair should not be used on any uneven surfacesCorrect.

The text says that the wheelchair can be used inside a building (restricted to indoor use, the wheelchair is only suitable for use on level ground) and without supervision (absence of an assistant, it should only be operated by patients)

Conclusion!

  • As you read, guess what is NOT true!
  • If the statement says “Days are warm” it means “Nights are cold.”
  • Next time, do not expect the answers explicitly! They need to be found out by “guessing.”

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Written by Biju John

Love for English begins with understanding its unknown rules. Biju John lives on the internet, teaching OET, IELTS and PTE. More than a million students have thanked him from their heart.

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OET Reading with Melon – Day 12