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Melons™ N2 – The “Nominalization” Method

By nominalization, you convert each sentence to a “noun” clause. A simple example is converting “She was brought to the hospital with severe headache” to “admitting condition.”

Let’s start with this example:

After looking at her personal medical record, we discovered that Maria had undergone a pertussis infection, at the age of ten. The original diagnosis had been confirmed by a positive result for Bordetella pertussis nasopharyngeal aspirate specimen culture and the disease had been treated with erythromycin. She had never been vaccinated against the disease, as confirmed by her mother who was also interviewed. Maria was treated with a seven-day clarithromycin course (500 mg, twice a day), which resulted in the control of her symptoms within the next two weeks. No other similar case was reported amongst the patients’ relatives or colleagues, so the source of transmission remains unknown.

What was revealed about Maria’s previous infection by her medical records?

  1. the likely source of the infection
  2. her vaccination status at the time
  3. how the diagnosis was arrived at
  4. the exact nature of her symptoms

Now, proceed to the questions below. You will see how Nominalization helps you identify the correct answer in less than a minute:

NB: Nominalization works best for Part B and Part C.

  • Question of

    After looking at her personal medical record, we discovered that Maria had undergone a pertussis infection, at the age of ten.

    • Personal record
    • Discovery
    • History of pertussis infection
  • Question of

    The original diagnosis had been confirmed by a positive result for Bordetella pertussis nasopharyngeal aspirate specimen culture and the disease had been treated with erythromycin.

    • The original diagnosis
    • Confirmation of diagnosis and treatment
    • Confirmation of diagnosis
  • Question of

    She had never been vaccinated against the disease, as confirmed by her mother who was also interviewed.

    • Mother’s confirmation
    • Mother’s interview
    • Absence of vaccination
  • Question of

    Maria was treated with a seven-day clarithromycin course (500 mg, twice a day), which resulted in the control of her symptoms within the next two weeks.

    • Seven-day Treatment
    • Treatment and Recovery
    • Clarithromycin course
  • Question of

    No other similar case was reported amongst the patients’ relatives or colleagues…

    • Absence of family history
    • Absence of reports
    • Absence of cases
  • Question of

    …so the source of transmission remains unknown.

    • Source of transmission
    • Transmission
    • Unknown source
  • Question of

    What was revealed about Maria’s previous infection by her medical records?

    • A. the likely source of the infection
    • B. her vaccination status at the time
    • C. how the diagnosis was arrived at
    • D. the exact nature of her symptoms

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Written by Biju John

Love for English begins with understanding its unknown rules. Biju John lives on the internet, teaching OET, IELTS and PTE. More than a million students have thanked him from their heart.

Melons™ M1 – The “Main Idea” Method

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