Day 8 Sentence Labeling

Labeling Level 2

From Day 1 to Day 7 we have learnt the common labels to which every sentence in the world belong. It is the first time we saw that all the sentences in any language belong to these 60 labels! If you are not clear about the basic labels, please Go back to Day 5 Labeling where you can read all the labels.

What is in Level 2?

Having learnt the basic labels, now we are going to apply them in a paragraph. In this, the main theme of a paragraph is called X, the sub theme is Y and the theme that has no direct relation with X and Y is Z.

X, Y and Z are called “topics.” At the same time, if there are supporting information like examples for X or Y or Z, we label them X1, Y1 and Z1. There can also be X2, Y2 and Z2.

Last thing to remember is, there is a Super Topic called A. “A” is the topic to which X, Y and Z belong)


  1. X Topic (The main topic of the text)
  2. Y Topic (The sub topic of the X Topic, directly connected to X)
  3. Z Topic (The topic that is not directly connected to the X Topic, usually we ignore them)
  4. X1 (Examples for X)
  5. Y1 (Examples for Y)
  6. Z1 (Examples for Z, usually we ignore them)
  7. A (the super topic to which X belongs)

NB: X1 is also called “types” of X or “examples” for X.

How to label using X, Y and Z?

Benzodiazepines are often prescribed to help people sleep, or to help with anxiety.

  1. X use
  2. X effect
  3. X1 use

How to?

  1. Look at the sentence. It is about “Benzodiazepines.” The entire paragraph will be about “Benzodiazepines.” Let’s call Benzodiazepines “X”
  2. We know that Benzodiazepines belong to the Super Topic called sedatives. Let’s call sedatives A.
  3. Let’s ignore A and come to X.
  4. The sentence is “Benzodiazepines are often prescribed to help people sleep, or to help with anxiety,” means, it is about the “uses” of Benzodiazepines.
  5. Finally, the label is, “X use.”

You will get it clearer after doing the task below.

Now, check your progress. Click “Let’s Play.”

  • Question of

    Benzodiazepines do work well for this purpose, but they are habit-forming and have been associated with developing dementia.

    • X advantage
    • X disadvantage
    • X advantage and disadvantage
  • Question of

    Commonly prescribed benzodiazepines include lorazepam, diazepam, temazepam, alprazolam.

    • X types
    • X effect
    • X benefits
  • Question of

    For insomnia, there is no easy and fast alternative.

    • Y negation
    • Y fact
    • Y disadvantage
  • Question of

    All sedatives dampen brain function.

    • X disadvantage
    • Y disadvantage
    • A disadvantage
  • Question of

    Many people can learn to sleep without drugs, but it usually takes a comprehensive effort over weeks or even months.

    • Y negation
    • Y exception
    • Y contrast
  • Question of

    This may involve cognitive-behavioral therapy, as well as increased exercise and other lifestyle changes.

    • Y positive adaptation
    • Y negative adaptation
    • Y change

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Written by Biju John

Love for English begins with understanding its unknown rules. Biju John lives on the internet, teaching OET, IELTS and PTE. More than a million students have thanked him from their heart.

Day 7 Speaking Tasks

Day 8 Speaking Tasks